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HOW DOES BEHAVIOR DEVELOP

BEHAVIOR IS STRENGTHENED OR WEAKENED BY ITS CONSEQUENCES.   WHAT ARE CONSEQUENCES?  (CONSEQUENCES ARE THE EFFECT, RESULT, OR OUTCOME OF SOMETHING OCCURRING EARLIER).  EXAMPLE: The accident was the consequence of reckless driving.  

There are 3 different types of consequences: 

  • Logical Consequence is when a consequence is logical when it is related to the child’s misconduct. 
  • An artificial consequence iswhen a consequence is artificial when it is unrelated to the child’s misconduct. 
  • Natural consequence is when a consequence is natural when it is related and it occurs with natural ways, apart from a teacher’s intent. 

Here are 3 examples of each consequence:

Situation 1:Susan got a drink after the playing games outside in the play yard and then spit water on a classmate.

Logical Consequences:  Wipe up the water,lose drink privileges for a time and launder classmate’s uniform at home.

Artificial Consequence

Susan writes, “I will not spit water” 100 times.

Natural Consequence

Susan slips on the wet floor and bruises her knee.

Situation 2: After receiving a warning, Bobby continues to bounce the ball in the classroom, while the teacher is talking.

Logical Consequences:  The teacher removes the ball for a time and sits to think about what are the differences between listening and showing respect.

Artificial Consequence: Bobby runs 5 laps around the playground area.

Natural Consequence:  Bobby does not hear the directions, and does not know how to complete the next activity.

Situation 3:Dan forgot his swimsuit for camp on the day children were practicing swimming strokes for the test.

Logical Consequence:  Complete a workout by walking around the pool for several laps.

Artificial Consequence:  Receive detention to stay after camp hours.

Natural Consequence:  Poor test performance due to lack of practice.

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